Saturday, November 29, 2008

呼呼~摄氏五度~Hyde Park Corner


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这里是Hyde Park Corner, 在Hyde Park的对面,你也可以说它是一个巨大的交通圈,就在繁忙的马路当中。
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Wellington Arch也是在Hype Park Corner 里,基本上好像搬了几次家,在维基查到的:

Wellington Arch, also known as Constitution Arch or (originally) the Green Park Arch, is a triumphal arch located to the south of Hyde Park in central London. The arch, and Marble Arch to the north of Hyde Park, were both planned in 1825 by George IV to commemorate Britain's victories in the Napoleonic Wars. The Wellington Arch was also conceived as an outer gateway to Constitution Hill and therefore a grand entrance into central London from the west.

The Wellington Arch was built between 1826-1830 to a design by Decimus Burton. Much of the intended exterior ornamentation was omitted as a cost-saving exercise after the King's overspending on the refurbishment of Buckingham Palace, which was underway at the same time. The arch originally stood almost directly opposite Apsley House, a short distance from, and at a right-angles to, its present location.

In 1846 the Arch was selected as a suitable location for a statue of Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, soldier and Prime Minister. The statue by Matthew Cotes Wyatt which eventually crowned the arch was 8.5m high, the largest equestrian figure ever made. It was so enormous that it generated considerable controversy at the time.

In 1882-3, the arch was moved a short distance to its present location on Hyde Park Corner to facilitate a road widening scheme. It is today in the centre of a large traffic island.

The equestrian statue of the Duke was removed to Aldershot at the same time and was eventually replaced, in 1912, by a huge bronze quadriga designed by Adrian Jones. The sculpture depicts the angel of peace descending on the chariot of war. The face of the charioteer leading the quadriga is that of a small boy (actually the son of Lord Michelham, the man who funded the sculpture). The statue is the largest bronze sculpture in Europe.

The arch is hollow inside, and until 1992 housed the second smallest police station in London (the smallest being in Trafalgar Square). Transferred to the ownership of English Heritage in 1999, it is now open to the public and contains three floors of exhibits detailing the history of the arch and some of its uses.

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The Royal Artillery Memorial。
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The Royal Artillery Memorial is a large stone memorial at Hyde Park Corner in London dedicated to casualties in the British Royal Regiment of Artillery in World War I.

Designed by Charles Sargeant Jagger (1885-1934) and dedicated in 1925, the memorial is in the form of a giant sculpture of a BL 9.2 inch Mk I howitzer upon a large plinth of Portland stone, with stone reliefs depicting the reality of war.

There are four bronze figures of artillery soldiers on the memorial as part of scenes reflecting the reality of war.

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还有New Zealand War Memorial和Australian War Memorial ,拍得不好就不放上来了。可以稍微想像这些纪念碑都很大很有分量,草地和树木都好多,所以这个交通圈真的不是普通的大~~~

秋天转眼就要结束了,但Hyde Park Corner的树叶好像不舍得掉落,我幸运的等到了好天气,拍到好像墙纸的秋天黄叶啊~~~~~~*_*(手好僵啊~~~)
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